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How does the PCB board carry high current?
361 7 Nov 07.2022, 13:41:04


The design current of the PCB board is usually a small current, so how to make the PCB board able to withstand a larger current? The electronic products used in daily life are only tens of milliamps to several amps. If there are tens of amps or more than 100A, it must not directly cause board burns or safety accidents. So what can be done to address such concerns?

Method 1: Routing on the PCB

This method is the most used method in our PCB design, because the wider the trace on the PCB, the greater the current carrying capacity. But trace width is not linearly related to current carrying capacity. Assuming that under the same conditions, a 10mil trace can withstand a current of 1A, but a 50mil trace cannot withstand a current of 5A

Therefore, we need to understand the structure of the PCB at this time. Taking a simple two-layer board as an example, this circuit board is usually a three-layer structure: copper skin, plate, and copper skin. Among them, the copper skin is the main path through which the current and signals in the PCB pass. The common high-current PCB design operation methods in our design are as follows:

(1) Increase the line width, usually 1A 1mm (40mil);

(2) Copper thickness, 1oz, 2oz+++;

(3) Open the window on the wire, add tin, silver, copper, etc.;

In fact, in engineering, there is no strict standard for the length of wiring. Engineering is usually used: copper thickness / temperature rise / wire diameter, these three indicators to measure the current carrying capacity of the PCB board. We can also use the following two tables to understand how to increase the copper thickness and widen the wire diameter, so as to improve the heat dissipation of the PCB and enhance the current carrying capacity of the PCB
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C****lin

Feb 20.2024, 19:30:49

That's correct! The relationship between trace width and current carrying capacity in PCB design is not linear. Wider traces generally have higher current carrying capacity due to lower resistance, but there are other factors at play as well, such as trace thickness, copper weight, and temperature rise considerations bitlife. It's essential to consider all these factors when designing PCB traces to ensure they can handle the required current without issues like overheating or voltage drops.

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Jan 09.2024, 10:06:53

We can Dordle also use the following two tables to understand how to increase 

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